Sunday, 19 May 2019

Healthy Travel Tips

Healthy Travel Tips

Healthy Travel tips
Healthy Travel tips

If you are going on holiday to the sea, you should think at least about basic medical training. Even in countries like Croatia, France, Greece, Turkey, you can get infected with an infectious disease that can be protected by appropriate prevention and vaccination.

Check tetanus vaccination for healthy Travel

All travelers should check tetanus vaccination. It is effective for adults aged 15-20 years, 10 years for people over 60 years. A suitable choice for adults is booster vaccination with a combination of tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis. Pertussis is both a disease and an adult, and the number of cases in Europe is increasing. The disease is transmitted by the air just like the flu. Rabies - vaccination is recommended for people who will camp in the wild (Poland, Russia, Greece, Romania, Turkey and other countries). Furthermore, it is good not to smooth the affectionate cats and dogs. Measles - in many European countries there is an increased incidence of this disease. It's good to check if you are vaccinated against this disease. Tick-borne encephalitis - if you spend a lot of time in the countryside in Central and Eastern Europe (eg Croatia, Slovenia, Germany, Switzerland, Slovakia, Austria, Poland, Scandinavia, Baltics to Russia), it is good to get vaccinated. The most common infectious disease affecting travelers is traveler's diarrhea.
Jaundice is the most common

Hepatitis A is the most frequently imported vaccine-preventable disease. Vaccination against this disease is also recommended for travel in Europe.

This type is transmitted by contaminated water or food. Hepatitis B vaccination is recommended for those who travel more frequently or are chronically ill. And also to people with risky behavior (eg tattoos, manicures). This type is transmitted through the sex or blood. A combination of hepatitis A and B has been available for many years.

Healthy Travel Tips for Pregnant women 

The best time for pregnant women is to travel between 18 and 24 weeks. Air transport is not recommended after 36 weeks of pregnancy. Furthermore, it is not suitable to ride a bike, motorcycle, uneven terrain or motor boat. Sufficient watering and drinking only bottled water without adding ice must be observed.

Healthy Travel Tips for child vaccination

As early as one year there is a possibility of protection against 4 types of meningococcus. From 2 months it is possible to vaccinate children against Japanese encephalitis. One dose of yellow fever vaccine is for life (WHO recommendation of 5/2013). The meningococcal B vaccine is already registered, and can be expected in the Czech Republic by the end of this year or early next year.

Children and air travel

In air transport, lower air pressure in the cabin and with reduced oxygen (comparable to 2500 m.m.m.) is to be expected. Especially for longer flights, the experience of circulating cool and dry air is an unpleasant experience, so warm clothes and plenty of fluids are recommended. In young children, breastfeeding, pacifier, drinking, candy, chewing gum, or snack at start and landing is appropriate, with some children experiencing ear pain due to pressure changes. There is also a rapid transmission of respiratory viruses within 4 minutes of turning on the air conditioner. From this perspective, charter flights with homogeneous passenger groups are preferable to regular flights with passengers from many countries, including developing countries.

Children and sun

Young children should stay in the shade and be sufficiently hydrated. Headgear and sunscreen are required. Lower SPF is sufficient, but it must be applied more often to the skin. The sun is sunbathing over clouds, under clothing without a UV filter, and over the water. For children we recommend UV underwear and UV swimwear. Tanned skin protects against skin burns, but not from cancer. People who have repeatedly burned, especially in childhood, have the greatest risk of skin tumors.

Follow these basic Healthy travel Tips

1-Drink  water because only drink water in original packaging (not tap water)

2-Eat all heat-treated, avoid semi-raw products such as semi-meat and seafood, semi-raw eggs, mayonnaise salads (risk of eg salmonellosis, dysentery)

3-Ice cream is better packaged than draft
Wash fruits and vegetables carefully in drinking water, or eat fruit that can be peeled

4-Wash your hands regularly, take your hand disinfection gel with you

5-Protect yourself from UV radiation with high UV filters.

6-Avoid staying in the sun between 11 am and 3 pm.

7-Wear sunglasses

8-Protect yourself from insects with repellent products with a higher content of active substance (tick-borne encephalitis, but also other insect-borne diseases)

9-Take the basic medicines with you (against temperature, diarrhea, pain, cough and rhinitis, inflammation in the eyes, nausea while traveling in the vehicle).

10-Intestinal immunity should be strengthened by taking probiotics before and during the journey

11-Be sure to insure and check the validity of travel documents

12-In case of health problems, see a doctor